The implementation of the policies selected can be possible only if the measures provided in the previous section are taken seriously. These measures are provided below in detail:
5.1 Integrating land use and transport planning:
The city plan should have sustainable transportation system suitable to the geographical conditions of the area, economical to people of all walks of life with a proper plan for the future growth in traffic. Government of India would, therefore, promote the development of such integrated land use and transport plans to all cities. These plans can be per sued when there is a proper coordination between City and State government. 50% of the money will be funded by the central government to encourage the use of latest technologies in urban systems of planning.
5.2 Equitable Allocation of Road Space:
At present, road space gets allocated to whichever vehicle occupies it first. The focus is, therefore the vehicle and not people. The result is that a bus carrying 40 people is allocated only two and a half times the road space that is allocated only two and a half times the road space that is allocated to personal vehicles. Users of non-motorized roads have tended to be squeezed out of the roads on account of serious threats to their safety. If the focus of the principles of the road allocation were to be the people, then much more space would need to be allocated to public transport systems then is allocated at present.
The central government, therefore, encourages the measures that allocate road space on a more equitable basis, with people as its focus. This can be achieved by reserving lanes and corridors exclusively for public transport and non-motorized modes of travel. Similarly lanes could be reserved for vehicles that carry more than three persons (popularly known as High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes). Past experience has been that such reserved lanes are not respected by motorists and therefore lose meaning. In order to facilitate better enforcement of such lane discipline, suitable provisions would be introduced in the Motor Vehicles Act and other instrumentalities to enable stringent penalties for violation.
5.3 Priority to the use of public transport:
Public transport is more economical compared to private transport and causes less pollution. Central government is providing more of support to public transport facilities financially with latest technologies being used in it.
5.4 Integrated Public Transport Systems:
All cities have corridors that have varying densities of travel and hence need technologies that best match the level of demand on the corridor. This often requires different operators managing such systems. This public transport is the best when it is perceived as a single transportation unit by the traveler within which he can shift from one mode to another mode of travel by using a single ticket.
The government would encourage high capacity public transport systems being set up through the mechanism of special purpose vehicles (SPV) and would offer financial support either in the form of equity or one-time viability gap financing, subject to a ceiling of 20 % of the capital cost of the project, after evaluating various parameters.
5.6 Role of Para transit
Para transit normally expects to fulfill a need that neither public transport or personal vehicles are able to fulfill. They normally cater to category of occasional trips such as trips to airports or rail stations with excessive baggage.
Smart parking spaces should be provided as it is taking up major portion of the land. State governments would be required to amend building bye laws in all million plus cities so that adequate parking space is available for users of such buildings. Multilevel space parking should be made available.
5.8 Freight Traffic:
As economic activities in cities expand and city population grows, a substantial amount of freight traffic would be generated. The timely and smooth movement of such freight is crucial to the well being of the people and the viability of the economic activities they undertake. It hinders the normal traffic conditions, in order to provide smooth transportation in cities; freight traffic is restricted to late night hours. Many cities have restricted the freight traffic in the day time. Further, many cities have by-passes that enable through traffic to go around the city and do not add traffic to the city conditions.
5.9 Legal and Administrative Issues:
The present rules and regulations are not well equipped in dealing with the problems of urban transport of future. The central government will, therefore recommend the setting up of Unified Metropolitan Transport Authorities (UMTA’s) in all million plus cities, to facilitate more co-ordinate planning and implementation of urban transport programs and projects and an integrated management of urban transport systems.