The has been cast on it. The portrait

aim of this essay is to provide an analisys of the gothic elements in the novel
„Dorian Gray”.  In order to achieve this,
I will give a few short notes on this concept, for a better understanding of it
and then I will proceed to find these elements in the novel.

things firts, the term of gothic emerged for the first time in literature, in
the eighteen century, with the apparition of  the novel „The Castle of Otranto- A ghotic
story”, and the genre proved to be a success. However, by the time „The Picture
of  Dorian Gray” appeared, the gothic
novel had already started to lose its popularity. Nevertheless, the book was a
real succes and it is considered one of the best works that belong to this
genre. Oscar Wilde used in his book, numerous gothic motifs such as: the
existence of a dark and old castle, house or room which is often abandoned, or
hasn`t been inhabited for a long time, the presence of the supernatural, the
devil, threatened women, usually by men, magic objects and generally a strange
athmosphere that makes the characters feel uncomfortable.

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main elements that make Dorian Gray a gothic novel are the following: the
existence of a dark room; the one in which Dorian hides his portrait, afraid
the people would want to steal it. The room is described as being cold and no
one seemed to have lived in it for a long period of time.

the most obvious gothic element if from my perspective is the portrait and the
curse that has been cast on it. The portrait represents the magic object in the
book. It is unknown how could Dorian stay young and beautiful while the
painting carries the burden of his sins. The day when Dorian bursts into fury
and tries to destroy the painting with the knife he used for killing Basil, the
spell is broken. He is found dead with the knife in his heart, his body is old
and looks horrible, while the painting went back to its original state and
shows Dorian as being a young, handsome man.

significant motifs are the presence of the evil, who is portrayed here by Lord
Henry Wotton who is a bad influence for Dorian. They first meet at Basil`s
house, and Dorian becomes intrigued with him. He is a rich, extremely
inteligent, noble man, who seems to be living only for seeking pleasure and
experince life at its fullest. He has a tendency of excusing his and later,
Dorian`s selfish behaviour, by saying the it is all done in the name of
pleasure and happiness. He is a charming person and Dorian seems to be
fascinated by this men`s way of thinking and living; he often says things that
shocks not only Dorian, but everyone whom interferes with him. However, he
fails to understand the true nature of the human`s soul, and that can be
clearly seen „People like you don`t commit crimes, Dorian” (Wilde, page 61)
meaning that just because Dorian belongs to a higher social class, he in unable
to commit such horrible act, which Lord Henry associated mainly with the lower
classes. Overall, Lord Henry Wotton is the representative figure for the evil
in the book, his influence on Dorian turns Dorian from an innocent young man,
to a destructive human, who hurts the ones around him.

 Sybil Vane, the talented, beautiful actress
who has an inocent heart. Dorian sees her for th first time, at a performance
of Romeo and Juliet. Her talent, innocence and purity amaze him, and he even
wishes to marry her. Sibyl and Dorian become soon engaged, but their relationship
won`t last long. She falls in love with Dorian, who she calls prince charming,
but this powerful love makes her lose the ability to act properly on stage.When
Dorian sees how bad she acts, he is confused and slowly loses interest in her,
to her desperation. He ends the relationship in such in a harsh way, leaving
Sybil crying and begging for him to come back to her. Desperate and heartbroken,
she commits suicide. From here, we can draw the conclusion that  Dorian was  seen as an evil influence for her, because the
love she felt for him was rather like a poison, that made Sybil lose her most
important talent, her acting skill and also lose her life.

sum up everything that I have just said, it is safe to say that The Picture of
Dorian Gray is one of the most representative gothic novels that appeared. The
cursed painting, the evil presence, the existence of a dark room, the inexplicable  death of Dorian, and the overall mysterious
atmosphere are the key elements of Oscar Wilde`s novel.




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