The house is the basic requirement of every human being, but continuous increase in the population of India creates a big problem every person, which decreasing home. In India alone 27 million units has been tracked to be in shortage. The dream of owning house particularly for low income and middle income groups is becoming difficult reality. For the building project the foundation, walls, doors and windows, floors, and roofs are the very important element which can be analysed individually based on the needs thus improving the construction speed and reducing the construction project cost. This research aims to study the various feature of prefabricated building methodologies for low cost housing by highlighting the different prefabricated techniques, and the economic advantage achieving by its applications.
The house is the basic requirement of every human being, but continuous increase in the population of India creates a big problem every person, which decreasing home. In India alone 27 million units has been tracked to be in shortage. With an annual population growth rate of 1.64% as compared to world population growth 1.23% during the last decades there would be great demand to full fill housing needs to coming years. Low cost housing is a new concept which deals with effective and following techniques which helps reducing construction cost through the use of locally available material along with improved skills and technologies without sacrificing the strength performance and life of the structure. Prefabrication technology becomes an optimal choice due to reduced the construction time and life cycle cost of buildings. It provides both speed and quality of the construction and also capitalizes on the advantages that these large scale projects offer in terms of volume, turn over and repletion.