The concept of photosynthesis was understood when the growth of Plants were studied. It is natural process in which sunlight is used to prepare the required nutrient for the plant with the help of The green pigment of plants ,i.e, chlorophyll.
The main role in the process of photosynthesis is played by light. Of the solar radiation reaching the Earth, only half has a wavelength with which green pigment, chlorophyll can “work”. This green pigment is contained in leaves and captures sunlight, and a set of enzymes and other proteins uses energy to split water molecules into oxygen, hydrogen, and electrons.” Hydrogen protons and electrons moving along a chain of proteins participate in creating the energy needed for the synthesis of organic compounds