The the woman is working outside the

The home has always been a
woman’s priority, it still is and shall always remain so. It is the woman who
makes a home into a home, with all the outpouring of her love, care, devotion
and hard work. This fact has always been recognized by all and a hard truth of
a man’s life but, today this fact is being intentionally cut to size. The
reason being just simply the woman’s, working outside the home.

The education of women has, on the one hand,
made them capable of shouldering burdens of life more exquisitely and, on the
other side this has led to a sort of a catastrophe for the home. This is
because once the woman is educated and becomes capable of earning; she prefers
to carve out a career for herself. This much is very fine and as everyone would
like. However, this working women as a class, becomes more inclined to avoid,
dislike and even think of housework as being a task below her dignity.

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Herein lies the
crux of the modern day problem created for and by the working women. For, it is
here that this class of working women has given birth to a huge number of
problems in the family, and society. This has created problems that were
unheard of ever before in India.

Once the woman is working
outside the home, the home automatically gets neglected. The reasons for this
neglect are not far to seek. For one, when the woman has worked out for the
whole day, she is left with no energy to work at home after the day’s work, a
very genuine cause. Besides being tired, she is now also seen losing interest
in the working at home. She just does the minimum to keep the family going,
with no interest in making any improvements in the home.

Now, once she
has started working and earning, she also very naturally develops the desire to
behave like the man who was till now, the privileged one just because he was
the bread earner of the family. This attitude as hers, brings in its trail her
continuous loss of interest in the family and her top priority being, enhancing
her career prospects. All this development in the status of women has given
birth to a cross section of multifarious problems.

The first to
suffer at the hands of these working women are the poor innocent children, who
are not able to get any quality time to spend with their mothers. The result is
disobedient rude children, who are often out of control as they grow up. They
become selfish, careless children as, they see none of the delicate emotions
being showered upon them, so, how and from where will they learn these finer
emotions of life. The elders these days have absolutely no place in such a
home. They are often neglected and even ousted from the home on same pretext or
the other.

This in turn has given
rise to a new problem of senior citizens, which never ever existed in India. As
for the coming and welcoming of guests in homes of working women is a thing
unwarranted. When the woman is out of the home for the whole day, who will look
after guests. So, with women working outside the home the concept of
entertaining guests is out of all programmes. Thus, care of children, care of
elders, care of any other family members and care of guests are all lost in the
maze of the schedule of the working woman.

This situation
has led to the mushroom growth of crèches, where children spend their quality
time, old age homes for the uncared old parents, and the community of guests is
lost completely. All these problems I understand have been given impetus by the
single act of women working out of their homes. Besides, when the small child
gets his training in a crèche, as he grows up, he lands up into a new problem
of drug addiction. All these problems in our society can be traced down to the
working of women.

On the one hand
it is true that, the working woman adds to the family income, improves the
standard of the family as far as the income of the family is concerned. She
definitely adds to her personal image but, all this is achieved at the cost of
insoluble problems created in the family and the society. Now, once she becomes
an equal partner in real terms, she is bound to become a cause for worry for
the man of the family, as, his ego and manly pride takes a flight to the winds.

Thus, this ends
in the man revolting at home, in society and in the office. He resents the
status and respect given to the working woman. The man’s argument now is that,
once a woman is equal, why should she get any privileges as a woman. This
response of the man to the working woman is, I think quite justified, and right
to a great extent. The man who was at once time, an uncrowned king of the home,
family and society is now being so challenged.

‘kks/k izcU/k dk lkjka’k

Hkkjr dk
chM+h m|ksx ns’k dh tula;k ds ,d cM+s Hkkx dks jkstxkj nsus esa l{ke gSA Hkkjr
esa m0iz0 dk chM+h m|ksx fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa vlaxfBr m|ksx ds :Ik esa QSyk gqvk
gSA bl m|ksx ds iw.kZr% vlaxfBr gksus ds dkj.k blesa vHkh rd dksbZ rduhdh
ifjorZu ugha gqvk gSaA vr% bldk laLFkukRed :Ik vHkh Hkh ijaijkxr cuk gqvk gSA
fdUrq o”kZ 1950 esa chM+h m|ksx jk”Vªh; Lrj ds m|ksx ds :Ik esa ekU;rk izkir
djus esa lQy gqvk gSA

ds vuqlkj dqN ‘krkfCn;ksa iwoZ lH; ns’kksa esa blds iz;ksx dk izpyu ugha FkkA
gkykafd chM+h fuekZ.k es aiz;qDr gksus okys dPps eky rackdw dh tUeHkwfe nf{k.k
vesfjdk ekuk tkrk gSA rackdw dh kkst 12 vDVwcj 1492 esa loZizFke dksyacl us
D;wck }hi esa fuokl djus okys dqN vkfnokfl;ksa ds ek/; ls dh FkhA HksaV ds nkSjku
dksyacl ds lkfFk;ksa us D;wck ds vkfnokfl;ksa ds gkFk esa tyrh gqbZ fpxakfj;ksa
rFkk ,d fofp= cukoV dk Vs<+k&es<+k ;a= nskk ftlesa os dqN lqkh ifRr;k¡ tykrs Fks rFkk vius eq¡g dks lqxaf/kr djrs FksA miyC/k lkfgR; ds vuqlkj bfrgkl esa rackdw ds iz;ksx dk ;g loZizFke mYysk gSA lu~ 1494&96 esa dksyacl us vius ,d lg;k=h jkseu isu ds lkFk iqu% vejhdk izokl ds nkSjku rackdw lwa?kus dh jhfr dk voyksdu fd;kA lu~ 1502 esa Lisus fuokfl;ksa us lqnwj nf{k.k vesfjdk esa izpfyr rackdw kkus dh jhfr dks viuk;kA rackdw vk¡Xyk Hkk"kk Vqcsdksa 'kCn dk fganh :ikarj.k gSA oLrqr% Vqcsdks fdlh ikS/ks dk uke ugha Fkk cfYd ;g ml fofp= ;a= dk uke Fkk ftls vesfjdh vkfnoklh rackdw ihus ds mi;ksx esa ykrs FksA ;g ;a= ,d izdkj dh iksyh uyh gksrh Fkh ftldh vkd`fr vaxzsth ds ok; 'kCn dh rjg gksrh FkhA lu~ 1558 esa Lisu ds jktk fQfyi f}rh; ds MkWDVj Ýk¡flLdksa QusZaMht rackdw dks loZizFke ;wjksi esa yk;sA iqrZxky fLFkr Ýsap jktnwr phu fudksV us rackdw dh ppkZ ;wjksi ds fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa dhA laHkor% blh dkj.k rackdw ds ikS/ks dks fudksfV;kuk 'kCn ls lacaf/kr fd;k x;kA rackdw esa fudksfVu uked u'khyk inkFkZ ik;k tkrk gS ;g Hkh ikS/ks ds ukedj.k dks pfjrkFkZ djrk gSA loZizFke iqrZxkyh O;kikjh rackdw dks /kweziku gsrq Hkkjr esa yk;saA lu~ 1605 ds yxHkx iqrZxkfy;ksa us lezkV vdcj dks ,d njckjh Jh vlncsx ds ek/;e ls rackdw ihus dk ;a= HksaV fd;kA gqDds ds ek/;e ls rackdw lsou ml dky esa lkekftd izfr"Bk ds :Ik esa izpfyr gqvkA ,sfrgkfld rF; ;g n'kkZrs gSa fd eqxy lezkV vdcj us ek= ,d ckj gh gqDds dk iz;ksx fd;k FkkA muds jktoS| gdhe vyh us rackdw ds mi;ksx dk dkQh fojks/k fd;k Fkk rFkk dHkh Hkh lezkV vdcj dks mls Nwus ugha fn;k FkkA blh Øe esa lj Vkel us bXySaM ds tsEl izFke dh vksj ls lezkV tgkaxhj dks vusd migkj lkefxz;ksa ds lkFk rackdw dks Hkh HksaV fd;k FkkA bfrgkl eas >kdsa rks Kkr gksrk gS fd vkfndky ls gh Jfed Hkkjrh; lekt esa ,d
egRoiw.kZ LFkku jkrk gSA euqLe`fr dkSfVY; ds vFkZ’kkL= rFkk lezkV v’kksd ds
f’kykyskksa ds v/;;u ls ;g izdV gksrk gS fd mu fnuksa Jethfo;ksa dh n’kk
larks”ktud FkhA eqxydky ds izkjEHk gksus ls igy rd Hkkjrh; m|ksx&/ka/ksa
vius fodkl dh pje lhek ij igq¡p x;s FksA mu fnukas Hkkjr dks fo’o dk vkS|ksfxd
deZ’kkyk dgk tkrk FkkA

Hkkjr esa chM+h cukus dh fopkj/kkjk dk mn~Hko fpye ,oa pksaxh ls gh gqvk gSA
pksaxh vke ds iRrksa ls cuk;h tkrh Fkh ftlesa yksx rackdw ds lkFk xkatk Hkjdj
ihrs FksA chM+h fuekZ.k gsrq vke dk iRrk vuqi;qDr FkkA vr% blds LFkku ij
ranwiRrs dks iz;ksx fd;k x;k ftlls fd chM+h dks ljyrkiwoZd vkdkj fn;k tk lds
rFkk iz;qDr iRrk VwVs Hkh ughaA miyC/k tkudkjh ds vuqlkj 19 oha ‘krkCnh ds var
esa mRrj izns’k ds Jh elhmYykkkW us loZizFke rsanwiRrsa dks chM+h vkoj.k ds
:Ik esa lQyrkiwoZd iz;qDr fd;kA chM+h m|ksx dh LFkkiuk mRrj izns’k esa lu~ 1939
fcgkj esa 1905 iwohZ jkT;ksa esa 1912 ,oa e/;izns’k esa lu~ 1915 esa gqbZA

Hkkjr esa
chM+h fuekZ.k dk dk;Z e/;izns’k os ns’k ds nf{k.k {ks=ksa esa vf/kd izpfyr gSA
fo’ks”k :Ik ls tcyiqj lkxj neksg xkSfj;k ukxiqj dkeBh ukfld csyxke rFkk
eaxykSj ‘kgj chM+h mRiknu ds izeqk dsUnz gSaA chM+h mRiknu ds laca/k esa dksbZ
fo’oluh; vkadM+sa miyC/k ugha gSa fQj Hkh izkIr vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj ns’k esa
chfM+;ksa dk mRiknu 380500 djksM+ okf”kZd gS rFkk ns’k esa izfrfnu 140 djksM+
chfM;ksa dk fuekZ.k gksrk gS vkSj yxHkx 6 ykk yksx izfrfnu /kweziku djrs gSaA
rsanwiRrk ds mRiknu dk tgk¡ rd iz’u gS lokZf/kd mRiknu esa e/;izns’k dk izFke
LFkku vkrk gSA e/;izns’k ds taxyksa esa rsanwiRrksa dk foiqy Hk.Mkj gSA ;gha
dkj.k gS fd e/;izns’k u dsoy LFkkuh; chM+h fuekZrkvksa dh rasnwiRrsa dh ek¡x
dks iwjk djrk gS oju~ vU; jkT;ksa dks Hkh rsanwiRrsa dk fu;kZrk djrk gSA

izns’k esa chM+h m|ksx dk izkjEHk 20 oha ‘krkCnh ds izkjfEHkd le; esa gqvk gSA
;gk¡ mRrj izns’k e/;izns’k es aloZizFke chM+h m|ksx dh LFkkiuk 1906 esa Jh
elhmYyk kkW ds }kjk bykgkckn esa dh xbZ FkhA Lora=rk izkfIr ds ckn mRrj izns’k
esa chM+h dkjkkuksa dh la;k esa rsth ls o`f) gqbZ gSA izkIr lwpukvksa ds
vuqlkj 1956 ds ckn ls gh mRrj izns’k e/;izns’k esa chM+h dkjkkuksa dh la;k
esa yxkrkj o`f) gqbZ gSA dkjkkuksa dh la;k tgk¡ lu~ 1954 esa 310 Fkh ogh 1986
esa c<+dj 1365 rd gks x;h gS vkSj orZeku le; esa ;g la;k 2670 ls Hkh vf/kd gSA      chM+h m|ksx dkjkkuk vf/kfu;e 1948 dh ijhlhek ls ckgj gS D;ksafd ;g m|ksx dqVhj m|ksx dh esa jkk x;k gSA bl dkj.k chM+h ekfyd bUgsa fu/kkZfjr ,oa okaNuh; LokLF; laca/kh lqfo/kk;sa nsus ls cp tkrs gSaA pwwafd chM+h Jfed viuk vf/kdak'k le; chM+h fuekZ.k esa gh yxkrs gSa ftlds dkj.k mudk f'k{kk dk Lrj ,oa fpfdRlh; lqfo/kkvksa dh tkudkjh mudks de gh fey ikrh gS ftlds vHkko esa bu LokLF; lqfo/kkvksa ds mi;ksx dk Lrj Hkh bu Jfedksa esa de gh nskus dks feyrk gSA gkykfd tudY;k.k dh Hkkouk ls chM+h ekfyd vius ykHk dk ,d NksVk lk va'k chM+h Jfedksa dks LokLF; laca/kh lqfo/kk;sa iznku djus esa O;; dj ldrk gS fdarq ekfyd bu lqfo/kkvksa dks miyC/k djkus ds izfr mnkj ugha gSaA      v/;;u ds nkSjku ;g nskk x;k gS fd eqfLye efgyk chM+h Jfed efgyk;sa izfrfnu vfuok;Z :Ik ls nks ckj Hkkstu ysrh gSaA os vius LokLF; ds izfr lrdZ ugha gksrh gSaA xHkZorh efgyk;sa vyx ls dqN vfrfjDr Hkkstu ugha fn;s tkus dh ckr dks Lohdkj djrh gSaA ijUrq dqN efgykvksa ds vuqlkj os vius cPpksa ds LokLF; ds izfr tkx:d gSa rFkk muds fy, Hkh dqN kkl iks"kd rRoksa ;qDr Hkkstu djrh gSaA dqN eqfLye efgyk chMh Jfed Lo;a ;g muds ifjokj esa tks lnL; chM+h cukrs gSa muds LokLF; esa gks jgh fxjkoV dh ckr dks Lohdkj djrh gSa rFkk bldk dkj.k os chM+h cukus ds dk;Z dks gh ekurh gSaA  vf/kdka'k efgyk Jfedksa us rackdw lsou ls lEcfU/kr Lo;a dh vknr Lohdkj ugha dh gS ijUrq muds vuqlkj ifjokj ds vf/kdka'k lnL; rackdw dk lsou djrs gSaA os efgyk;sa ftUgksaus rackdw ds lsou dh vknr dks Lohdkj fd;k gS os izfrfnu vusd ckj mldk lsou djrh gSaA vf/kdka'k efgykvksa us bl ckr dks Lohdkj fd;k gS fd mUgksaus rackdw dk lsou chM+h cukus ds ckn gh izkjEHk fd;k gS ftlls mudk LokLF; Hkh izHkkfor gks jgk gSA ;g Hkh nskk x;k gS fd yxkrkj chM+h cukrs jgus ls J


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