Singer members of our own species and

Singer argues we should offer the basic principle of
equality that we give to members of our own species and offer it to other
species also.  He claims that both humans
and non-humans are capable of suffering and by such have interests.  According to him, these interests should be
taken into consideration and given treated exactly the same, which is with the
aim of not inflicting suffering. He extends the interpretation of the principle
of equality also to race.  Many previous
practices in relation to race that were previously, and still are, judged
natural and inevitable by many are more and more today judged as prejudice.
Singer declares that equality does not imply sameness.  Applying the principle of equality from one
group to another does not necessarily mean that both groups should be treated
exactly the same, with the same rights.  
What we need to be worried about, he says, is the equality of
consideration and the equal
consideration for the different groups human beings that may lead to different
treatments and different rights.  People
come in different forms, shapes, colour, orientation, morals and faith; and
these, he states, makes no human equal to another.  However, he states that there are not many
differences between races as such because these criteria do not determine a
person’s abilities and that the insignificant differences are most likely
environmental in origin.  Equality is a
moral ideal.   The principle of the
equality of human beings does not depend on their actual equality but on how
they are treated.  To treat all human
beings, no matter what race, as equal is to give all the same equal
consideration for their interests.  If a
being can suffer, matter what race, sex or type of being, we have to take the
suffering into consideration and consider the suffering equally. Racism violates
the principle of equality by giving more weight to the interests of members of one
race over another, usually one’s own race. 
So does speciesism which
violates the principle of equality by giving more importance to one species,
usually our own.   With these comparisons
in explanations, this is basically what I understood from Singer’s principle of
equality in relation to racism.

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