On and involuntary servitude, except a punishment

                On the 7th
of June, 1892 Homer Plessy was arrested due to his refusal to move from a seat
that he had rightfully paid for. This would end up pushing the limits of what
is considered constitutional about the “Separate Car Act”. Plessy’s argument was
that his removal went against the 14th amendment, in the case “Plessy v.

By the fourteenth
amendment, all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to
the jurisdiction thereof, are made citizens of the United States and of the
state wherein they reside; and the states are forbidden from making or enforcing
any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the
United States, or shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property
without due process of law, or deny to any person within their jurisdiction the
equal protection of the laws. (Transcript)

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The 14th amendment may grant these rights, but the
10th overrules these by placing the court in power to decide on the constitutionality
of any problems not covered previously in the constitution. The 14th amendment
guarantees equal protection, which is the reason why this decision will harm
our beautiful country for decades to come.  Ferguson reached the conclusion that “Separate
but equal” was constitutional even though now it seems backwards and wrong. Ferguson
stated, “It the removal of Plessy from the train does not conflict with the
thirteenth amendment, which abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except
a punishment for crime, is too clear for argument” (“Transcript”). This is one
of the statements that pushed Ferguson towards he ruling. The legalization of “Separate
but Equal” affected people during the civil rights movement in two main ways: the
image of black people compared to white people and the overall infrastructure
and economy of the U.S.

black people before were seen as lower classes and not as good as their pale
counter parts. Without even seeing a person’s ability, black people would be
disregarded or even purposely targeted with negative attention. With “Separate
but Equal” in place segregation spread more and more and blacks were treated
worse and worse even though the name states “Equal”. The non-colored people
would get normal, even nice at times, facilities while people of color might
get a shed or something of a way poorer quality than what the white people receive.
The U.S. was split into colored and non-colored but “states had troubles determining
where to draw the line”(“Plessy v Ferguson.” History, 1:05-1:15). The white people who thought they
were better before were reassured by Ferguson that they were much better. This led
to the mistreatment of many non-white people before Brown v Board. Furthermore the
ruling affected the economy through the requirement of multiple buildings. Even
if the quality of the space created for the black people was poor and run down,
it doesn’t mean that having to add more space on top of what you already have is
expensive. The ruling increased costs of owning a restaurant or any other business
because of the expectation that you will double the size of the area because
the spaces had to be somewhat equal. This is a very inefficient requirement and
lost both blacks and white people lots of money.


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