Nigeria’s the economic downturn due to the international

             Nigeria’s rocky geo-political history has created a mismatch of diversity within its borders. Nearly all internal and external threats to security the state and its citizens face can be traced back to ethno-religious, political, and socio-economic origins. The country deals with conflict between groups from all backgrounds, primarily due to how the political borders were drawn when Nigeria gained its independence in 1914. As a result, clashes between “imported” religions (e.g. Christianity, Islam) and tribalism have fueled countless internal conflicts. In addition, the unbalanced socio-economic landscape of Nigeria has formed a troublesome power imbalance that keeps much of the population living in poverty. Unemployment has been a longstanding issue, which was recently exacerbated in 2015 by the economic downturn due to the international fall in oil prices. These internal pressures have lead to government corruption, mismanaged government funding (especially regarding public health and education), and the rise of terrorism as a threat to Nigeria. The country faces several instances of human rights violations on an internal, external, and transnational basis. Looking inwards, there exists a high degree of judicial corruption that fuels unjust laws targeting minority groups. One such targeted minority is the LGBT+ community in Nigeria. In 2014, past president Jonathan passed a law to incarcerate those in same-sex relationships. Not only is thish a direct attack on the individual freedom of expression, but it stands as a gateway for more severe laws undermining the fledgling democratic government in Nigeria. Additionally, the country suffers from transnational organized crime that manifests itself within Nigeria’s borders as human trafficking and drug trafficking. Both crime rings have experienced growth over the past few years due to the increasing percentage of the population that lives in poverty. Human trafficking, at its very core, is a gruesome violation of human rights, often considered modern day slavery. Although Nigeria is not viewed as a drug-consuming, the international rings of organized crime use the country and its residents as a major transit route. For many years, health and safety have been pressing issues for the countries of Africa, and Nigeria is no different. From lack of resources in hospitals to limited awareness of diseases, health problems have become incredibly difficult for the government and citizens to handle. One major reason for the lack of resources in healthcare in Nigeria is due to a phenomenon sometimes called “Brain Drain”AfricasCountry, where trained professionals such as doctors or surgeons will emigrate from Nigeria to areas such as America or Europe for higher pay. Because of this, there are the same amount of Nigerian doctors working in the USA as there are in Nigeria. In addition to this, epidemics and endemics often take the lives of many of the people of Nigeria. Despite the fact that only 3.1% of adults have HIV/AIDSCIA, much lower than that of other African countries, many of the inhabitants of rural Nigeria still are not aware of prevention procedures and are affected by AIDS. One of the major external threats to the citizens of Nigeria is terrorism. Islamist terrorist groups occupy the areas outside Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. These include the Islamic State in West Africa, better known in the USA as Boko Haram. They have attacked many public areas including United Nations buildings, displacement camps, and oil sites. Due to these attacks they have been ranked as the world’s deadliest terror groupCNN. Citizens are recommended not to attend large public gatherings due to the threat of terrorist attacks. In addition to public bombings and firefights, Boko Haram and other similar organizations will plan kidnappings in which they take hostages including foreign nationals gov.uk. Because of this, terrorism is extremely detrimental to not only the physical security but the mental security of the citizens of Nigeria.Upon analysis of these threats to the country of Nigeria, the Nigerian government must begin to address the issues first hand.  It is vital for the Ministry of Internal Affairs to get involved. All three of the biggest threats to Nigeria, terrorism, specifically Boko Haram, disease and human rights violations, are largely specific to Nigeria. Internally, Nigeria is plagued with corruption and crime and this ministry would be well suited to address that. The Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development must also address the seriousness of women crime and the disease outbreak. They must assess the safety of women in typical Nigerian society and rate disease is spreading throughout the people. As matters of such importance, global groups should also be brought in to help the situation. The United Nations First Committee, associated with disarmament and international security matters, and the United Nations Office of Counter Terrorism would help with the ongoing terrorism threat. They would be well suited to address the support needed from Nigeria and its allies to help contain the threat of terrorism. The United Nations Human Rights Council and the United Nations Global Health Council would also be well suited to assess the human rights violations threat and the disease threat. They could give expert consultation on the health situation in Nigeria and how much aid is needed throughout the country.The situation Nigeria faces today remains irreparable unless it is addressed immediately. Nigeria is in a state of distress, ranging from the widespread terrorism caused by Boko Haram to the HIV/AIDS virus affecting millions of Nigerians. As unemployment continues to rise and the economy continues to plummet, these imminent threats grow stronger by the day. Nigeria is one of the fastest growing countries in the world, with around 180 million people and counting. The growth of people may also mean a growth in corruption throughout all aspects of Nigerian society. With the help of Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and Social Development, as well as various United Nation’s Committees, the serious threats that concern the safety and health of the people of Nigeria can be contained.

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