(1995) studied the factors that
affect participation of rural women in agricultural extension services in
Kenya. Data was collected by interview schedule from 200 women farmers as
sample size. To analyze the data inferential and Descriptive statistics were
used. Chi square tests of independence were also used for analysis. Results of
the study showed that participation of rural women in agricultural extension
services depends upon farm size in division Naivesha.In this case study it was
suggested that extension services for rural women farmers should be improved.
Hussain et al.
(2004) Studied role of gender in rearing livestock and the effect of National
Rural Support program (NRSP) of livestock training course in Azad Kashmir and
Kotli. Objective of the study was to see the impact of livestock training on
livestock productivity by NRSP. Data was collected by simple random sampling
technique. A sample size of 200 respondents was selected by 3 villages of
kotli. To analyze data percentages were used. Results from analysis showed that
people of kotli mainly depend upon livestock. Most of the respondents kept
sheep, goat, buffalo and cow. Study reveals that 100 % respondents were taking
advantages from the training course by NRSP.From results of case study it was
suggested that self-employment can be increased by free availability of guidance
and training courses.
Javed et al. (2006) reported participation of rural women in crop and livestock
production. A large number of pre and post-harvest and livestock management
activities are performed by rural women but they are not still appreciated
because of lack of data that show their importance in such activities. The
objective of this study was to explore the importance of women participation in
crop and livestock activities. District Faisalabad was selected for this case
study and a sample size of 125 rural women was taken for analysis by using
random sample technique. Data was analyzed by SPSS software. Results from case
study shows that rural women participation was high in harvesting of
vegetables. In case of post-harvest women participation is high in storage of
cereals. In case of livestock management women participation is high to clean
et al. (2009) reported analysis of
women involvement in livestock in Nigeria. Objective of the case study was to
investigate role of women in livestock activities. Data was collected by random
sample technique from 90 rural women. Multiple regression analysis, descriptive
statistics and participation index were used to analyze data. Results of
participation index revealed that women were involving in feeding of animals,
watering, cleaning of pens and cages. While multiple regression analysis shows
that income, education, access to credit are those factors that affect women’s
contribution in livestock activities. Poultry and goats are mostly kept by
women. Results also revealed the problems that are faced by women in this field
and the problems are non-availability of significant capital, pre-occupation
and dominance of their spouses. It was suggested that women should provide with
necessary training and education regarding to livestock and their approach to
microfinance banks in order to increase livestock productivity.
Amin et al. (2010) examined Gender and development. The objective of the case study
was to investigate the role of women in livestock production in Pakistan. Data
was collected through random sampling technique from 8 villages. A sample size
of 768 respondents were used to analyze the results of case study. Frequencies
were obtained from respondents, and frequencies were used to analyze the
variances. Results from the case study revealed that most of the rural families
were having joint family system i.e. 70.6%.And results were also showing that
most of the livestock activities were performed by females approximately 37.5%
and less were performed by males about 17%.
Upadhyay and Desai (2011) reported participation of women in animal husbandry. Most of the animal husbandry relating
activities are performed by females in addition to their tasks at home. While
their work is not given an economic importance and they are left as un- paid
labor. Objective of this case study is to emphasize female’s contribution in
dairy activities. The study has been conducted in Anand district of Gujarat.
120 farm women were interviewed by simple random sampling technique for data
collection. For data analysis different statistical methods such as percentage,
mean score, standard deviation and coefficient of Karl Pearson’s were used.
Results of case study indicates that women have independent decisions relating
to fodder management and milking activities. While decisions relating to
economic activities are taken jointly with male counterparts.
et al. (2011) studied participation of rural women in dairy farming in District
Karnataka. Random sampling process was used for data collection from.120
respondents were interviewed. For data analysis statistical analytical tools
such as frequency, percentage and average were used. Results revealed that most
of the respondents belong to low income families. Women play significant role
in caring of pregnant animals. Results also shows that 90 % women involved in
milking of animals and 89.16% women were involving in taking care of newborn
animal. Results also shows that most of the women were involving in
non-financial activities. It was suggested that it is necessary to educate the
women to increase livestock production.
et al. (2013) Reported participation
of women in livestock farming activities .Objective of study was to investigate
women participation in different activities relating to livestock farming. A
sample size of 120 respondents was selected by random sampling technique. Study
was conducted in tehsil jhang. Data was analyzed by using SPSS.Results of case
study were showing that most of activities such as milking process ,making of
dung cakes, collection of manure, care of diseased animals and cleaning the shed are performed by females.
While their contribution in management of livestock was very low.
et al. (2013) reported training need assessment of rural women in Livestock
management. Objective of study was to evaluate training need for rural women of
district Bahawalpur. Data was collected by simple random sampling technique
from 125 respondents of different villages. For data analysis SPSS software was
used. Results revealed that rural women of study areas were less educated and
more than half (53.6%) of them were illiterate. Study also showed that the male
head of the family was the main source of information for rural women. It was
suggested from results that short term training programs for livestock care and
management should be introduced to train rural women.
et al. (2014) Studied rural development through women participation in livestock
care and management. Objective of case study was to determined position and
constraints of rural women in livestock management activities and their
contribution in development process in district Faisalabad. Random sampling
technique was used for data collection.120 respondents were selected from rural
areas of district Faisalabad. Data was analyzed by using SPSS.Results were
showing that most of the women are illiterate, having low family income one or
two lac per year. Most of the women were living in joint family system.
Analysis showed that education level of women and family income was related to
participation level .women participation in livestock activities increases
production and generate family income.
and Amsalu (2014) Studied role of
rural women in livestock and household activities. Objective of the study was
to investigate the participation of women in livestock management as well as
their involvement in decision making of household activities. Random sampling
technique was used for data collection. A sample size of 90 respondents was
taken. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and correlation analysis.
Results revealed that most of the livestock management and household activities
are performed by females but they are not given enough freedom in decision
making process relating to their homes. It was suggested from this case study
that maximum consideration should be provided to rural women to build their
abilities in decision making process.
et al. (2014) studied participation of women in dairy farm activities under
small holder. Women work actively from dawn to dusk in livestock activities and
also at domestic level. Their level of participation differ from area to area.
This study was conducted to investigate the role of women in dairy farm related
activities and to find out the factors that affect their involvement in such
activities. Two districts of Punjab Jhelum and Bhakkar were selected for this
case study. A sample size of 194 respondents was selected by random sampling
technique. Data was analyzed by using SPSS.Results depicts that women
contribution in dairy activities was higher in district Bhakkar than Jhelum.
Study suggests that to increase dairy farm productivity extension services
should be increased to improve women skills relating to this field.