Muhammad Al-Fateh was born on 27th Rajab, 835 A.H., 30th March, 1432. He was brought up under his father, Sultan Murad II, the seventh Ottoman Sultan. His father prepared and trained him to hold the responsibilities of the position of a ruler. Muhammad Al-Fateh memorized all the Quran, learnt the Prophetic narrations, Islamic jurisprudence, mathematics, astronomy and the skills required for war.
He also learnt Arabic, Persian, Latin and Greek languages. He often joined his father in his battles and conquests. His father appointed him as a ruler of a small state so that he could receive practical training on administering state affairs under the supervision of some of the top scholars of that time. Sheikh Aaq Shams-Ad Deen, one of the scholars who supervised the upbringing and education of Muhammad Al-Fateh, managed to incstill in his heart the spirit of Jihaad and the desire to be a person with high ambition. This matter influenced the character of the young prince and tinted his personality with Islamic morals and manners. Before this Muhammad Al-Fateh was spoiled and lazy learning. But Muhammad Al Fatih began seriously studied after his father brought some teachers.
The most important characteristics of Muhammad Al-Fateh leadership was his bearing of strong faith in God and his believed in the truthful of purpose. The sole purpose of uphold and outreach the teaching of Islam was his true humble conduct of being true Muslim. Sultan Al-Fateh was aware that he had to put a strong base to start from. He believes that no nation could achieve success without having a solid base of spiritual level and this become his main conduct and cultivation to his man. Muhammad Al Fatih himself was mentioned never leaving tahajud and rawatib prayers since baligh until his death. Maybe that’s the secret of success of Muhammad Al Fatih in realizing its goals and ideals of Islam, not physical strength, but the closeness to Allah SWT. The secret that he distributed to troops by keeping the obligatory prayers, tahajud prayers and rawatib prayers. In the age of 22, Muhammad Al Fatih conquered the city which the Prophet promised eight centuries earlier. Once captured, the city of Constantinople was replaced with the name Islambul and now called Istanbul.
Secondly, be the bearing of strategic and innovative thinking. Trategically Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh started his battle planning and preparations by establish peace agreement with western counterpart Serbia and Hungary. The intention was to deter any aids that may come support to the Roman during the final campaign. His judgment on time factor was emulation and references to his past forefather which also had involved on this holy battle. He sternly believed that the longer time he consumed in encompasses Constantinople, the more they are vulnerable to be outflanked and defeat by Hungary and Venice betrayal. Prior to that he prompted to invent