The aim of this assignment is to critically consider the strength based model providing examples of their use in a disability service of my choice.
The strength base procedure is a social work practice theory that focuses on peoples self determination and strengths. The client is involved in his/her care plan. A motivational interviewing is done to find out what the client wants.
The clients are more knowledgeable than they think. The goal will be the needs, wants and aspiration of the client. It has emerged as an alternative to the more common pathology-orientated approach in helping clients, instead of focusing on client’s problems and deficits the strength perspective centres on clients abilities talents and resources.
Strength base approaches pays attention to the inherent strengths of individuals, families, groups, and organisations.
The primary aim of this assessment is on what the client is doing right in relation to goals and visions. (Early and Gleymaye, 2000).
This tool is used to help the patient, identify personal strength and natural abilities to help access resources in the community that will assist in the completion of recovering – focused goals. This looks at different aspects of a person’s life, such as daily living financial, social, spiritual and recreational themes. It will help to identify and clarify what is going on right now, what happened in the past with regards to this different themes and how to create a vision for the future.
The assessment will help to identify specific goals. Using these we will draw up a Personal Plan with the person we are supporting. A Personal Plan helps break big goals down into small achievable steps and to share some responsibilities between the person being supported and the support worker. The small steps are the exploration of past, often forgotten personal assets is guided generally by an examination of nine” life domains”, which include life skills, finances, leisure activities, relationships, living arrangements, occupation/education, health, internal resources ( strengths, confidences, problem-solving), and recovery. In the meantime, the case manager should strive to hear the patient’s goals and aspirations before they hear evidence of his or her past problems, mistakes, or weakness.
Coordination in the model means an array of activities coordinated through regular interaction with clients wherever they may be found to assure service needs are met. These include, but are not limited to, assessment and evaluation, continuous service planning and monitoring. The performance of these functions should be coordinate. For example, the case manager initiates an assessment of the client’s strengths, needs and potential solutions to the problems. Then, a case plan that addresses the client’s treatment and other resource needs is developed. That means the case manager will help coordinate a comprehensive plan of services and informal supports for an individual of family.
STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES
The strength of Strength-based models is to assist a population of persons with mental illness to make the transition from institutionalized care to independent living. It enables to be implemented by the principle of the model which is focusing on assisting the client to utilize his or her strengths and assets as the vehicle for acquiring needed resources. However, the weakness is that if there is too much focusing on the strengths, problems may be ignored. People also may not be able to address some new ideas or make changes if they only perform on their own strengths.
The strength-based model works with disables with sufficient strength to achieve self-improvement. However, if one suffers from severe disabilities, it will be difficult to find an outstanding strength to carry out the activities of the strength-based model. Due to the limitation of the disables, their strengths are not able to be effectively applied and implemented, not to mention the enhancement of them
The strength of the strength based model is that it is easy to be carried out because it is based on the client’s needs and ability so the client will be very cooperative during the treatment. And the psychological needs of the client are easily to be met so the confidence will be built to the client. It is very good to the client’s mental health. Besides, the client’s strengths are well maintained and developed. But the weaknesses of this kind of model are also obvious. It is because this kind of model only concerns about the strength so the weakness of the client has been ignored. But at many times the weakness plays the main role of whether the treatment is successful or not so the weaknesses can’t be improved.
The patients are assisted in re establishing an awareness of internal resources such as intelligence, competence and problem solving abilities ; establishing and negotiating lines of operation and communication between the patient and external resources; and advocating with those external resources in order to enhance the continuity, accessibility, accountability and efficiency of those resources.
The strengths assessment and plan are being used. It provides information to research, supervision and case load planning goals. The supervisors can check on the status of individual on their caseload. Those reports also show the amount of work being conducted in the various life domains, the frequency of goal being completed; and the relationship between various patient profiles and their success in completing goals.
Sue is a middle aged lady, who was diagnosed with hypertension and dementia due to heredity traits, she has a delightful