Cybercrime is a common practice made by computer expert. It’s a threatening criminal issue that has an impact on the United States of America. It is one of the fastest growing crime in the US varying from state to state. This prevalent issue has been taken into consideration has complaints increased in that ,Surveys has carried out in different states, Businesses-gives hight lights on their lost, research indicates the rise of cyber crime families, society developed a fear while the government consolidate present security measure with future interventions to deter cyber crime. It is hypothesized that cyber crime is the fastest growing crime in the Us and this present paper the following eight literature reviews attempts to discuss and support the hypothesis.
In the research article by Hammond d, B (2011), three specific complain of cyber-crime that were reported. First, Non-delivery of payment or merchandise, purchasers were deprived of their items due to or sellers did not received any payments for items being sold. Non- delivery of merchandise is well planned scheme to or retrieve links to internet auction fraud and is common among web base company with reduced prices. Scammer’s impersonation (FBI) was another common complaint among two others. Scammers inflicting users and retrieving personal information and emails were rampant. Identity theft on the other hand is recorded for the most complain among the others. This threat is more prevalent and sophisticated. Scammers present them self as a police in person to reform a cranial act, getting information from compromising owners credit or bank information. Internet Crime Complaints Centre IC3 forwarded almost half of the complaints to the Law enforcement.
Next, the research by Prince, B. (2008) reported how Cybercrime Organization in the US have been more creative in collaborating and devising ways to deprive and retrieve internet user’s sensitive data. Cyber-criminal are on the out skirts, organizing them self around in a classic mafia style method. In The trend report for Q2 2008, researcher managed to go inside the underground hacker economy and found that the organization is well-equipped and is now gowned to be more sophisticated. The hackers are found to be in average groups sized between eight to twelve people. The organization is well structure with a boss updated and insulted. While the underground boss are “campaign managers” who leads their own attack campaign and use their own affiliation networks. The under boss who manages all operation by proving Trojans for attackers and heading up the command and control of those Trojans. The hackers are ranked and authority is given in accordance.
In the research article by Burstein, A. (2003)
In the research article by Kesari, A., Hoofnagle, C., ; McCoy, D.. (2017) focus on deterring cybercrime on intermediaries. Cyber-crime is an increasingly professional attempt that implicate activities involving business activities or otherwise subjected to the US. Business that with illegal offers online are ambitious having similar aims of every ordinary firms. Both illegitimate and legitimate organization relies on several third parties especially intermediaries.
The access of intermediaries used by cyber-criminal are challenged by law enforcement, intellectual property owners and technology with the uses of law. Business often relies on intermediaries to advertise, sell and deliver products, collecting payment and to maintain a good reputation. Some key actors that interfere with Intermediaries includes botnets and sellers of counterfeit goods. A network of infected computer call botnet are used by cyber ceramal to conduct their illegal operation to forward communication such as spam email and viruses to other computer to grow the network and to execute distribute Denial of service (DDoS) to interop internet users. Botnet are of difficult to pin down. Due its international and self-nature these system can be masked and remotely controlled by the attackers, who can be located in homes, schools, businesses, and governments around the world. Technically and legally sophisticated actors such as Microsoft Corporation Can use legal processes to seize the domains that the botnet will next Connect with. Once seized, a company can issue instructions to the bots to update their software and stop new attacks.
Many intellectual illegal and infringing goods sellers use online market. Especially those who are outside the country subjected to the US. This situation has made it challenging for the law enforcement to differentiate between legal or illegal operation Domain names serve (DNS) is a known tool for identifying seller’s particularly foreign sellers. Enforcers can take over any suspected domain by prevent anyone from having access to it or by shouting down any alleged illegal operation. Fines, threats, and regulatory action and be imposed.
From persuading customer to the delivery of good and service and far as maintain an excellent reputation
In the research article by Chadha, S. K. (2010) discussed three relative offences that as an impact on the society due to cyber-crime and legislation that govern such transgression in technology. Digital forgery is the destruction of information with the use of viruses. Many countries rely on digital commerce for the purpose of buying and selling goods and services. Digital forgery is popular among altering digital contents such as pictures and document. There have been cases were hackers hack into sites and post malicious and indecent material with the intention to cause damages by the way of defamation of mischief rather than anything else.
Unauthorized access with intention to commit further offence.
How Much is Cyber Crime Costing U.S. Businesses? (2015)