China’s Naval Tensions:
The China’s naval tensions over
the South China Sea to China’s east and over some strings of Islands between
China and Japan are not new. The China has started showing its authority over
South China Sea whereas some other Asean
(Association of South East Asian nations) countries including neighboring
countries like Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei. This has
generated rivalry among the neighboring nations because they all considered
their sovereignty over the sea. On the other hand China also had very intense
rivalry with Japan over the case of string of uninhabited islands, where Japan
has administrated those islands but China has claimed its rule by saying that
these islands were part of China’s maritime territory from hundreds of years
ago. Responding to this claim, the Japan says that it has shown no trace of
China’s control over the islands in the survey of 1885 so they formally announced them as part of Japanese Sovereignty in 1895.
(Steven Jiang, CNN, 2012)
The tensions between Japan and
China are high over the disputed islands and meanwhile China and the Philippines
have got rivalry on course of South China Sea territory control and also some
lucrative gas reserves beneath waters. The Chinese ships entered the water
around the controversial group of islands claiming it their territory however
those islands are in control of Japan. The ships arrived near the uninhabited
islands which Japan calls Senkaku and China calls Diaoyu and military patrols and
law enforcement and the cold war began.
Three Level Analyses of China’s Naval Tensions:
The three level of analysis
includes global, state and individual level analysis of the causes and effects,
pros and cons of the above stated situation between China and its neighborhood
As far as global concerns and
responses related to this issue are studied, it gave rise to a cold war and
intense rivalry among China and its neighboring plus ASEAN partners countries.
And on the other hand a much strong enmity between China and Japan.
Consequently, the global interference,
other than these two or three major nations, started when The United States of
America intervened in favor of Japan and flew two B-52 Bombers, unannounced
just after few days. However The Chinese did not react to it as the
geopolitical oppositions were created underneath.
The long running argument between
both nations had given rise to a number of protests in China by the public and
a sense of anger and enmity had developed against Japan. The US, a key collaborator
of Japan has said again and again to Tokyo and Beijing to settle down their
disputes through table talks and deals. Soon after the matter the U.S Defense
Secretary of that time Leon Panetta decided to meet with his counterparts in
Japan and China to resolve the issue.
If the globally history is
recalled then it is revealed that Japan after 1885, sold those disputed islands
to the descendants in 1932.The Japanese surrendered at the end of the world war
2 in 1945 and the islands were then administrated by USA occupation force. But
after 1972 the Washington departed and handed control of them to Japan.
Now the China,
Japan and also the Philippines are facing global issues while the USA is
clearly supporting Japan.
Regarding this issue,
the most involved states are China and Japan. Other concerned states include
the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, and The United States of America
Impact on China:
China and members of the ASEAN held joint
maritime rescue exercise recently. This is their largest ever joint military
patrol and exercise which indicates a temporary period of lack of rivalry
activity between the disputed nations. (online, 1
China exercised several naval drills on the Bohai and Yellow seas and
maintained firm focus on northern shores but it shifted focus to South China Sea
previous year after a Hague tribunal rule against china’s territorial claims in
the area in July 2016. Then, last year a United Nations backed tribunal
deciding on an application by the Philippines, rejected the Beijing’s claim
over most of the South China Sea.