A common genetic disorder called Parkinson’s disease (also
known as PD) is a movement disorder that affects the brain. The sole cause of
this disorder is having abnormal genes. However, some cases are the result of
family members who may have passed on the disease throughout reproduction.
Throughout a person’s
life with Parkinson’s disease, they will experience issues regarding their
mobility. Common knowledge of PD may suggest that this disorder passes from
generation to generation, but this simply is not true in most cases. Generally,
Parkinson’s disease effects ages older than fifty-years-old, however, it can
often affect as early as age thirty, but other factors could cause this
disorder to become present. With extensive research, medical specialists have
discovered that being exposed to certain chemicals make the likelihood of
experiencing symptoms of PD more prominent. The genes that makeup PD are
PARK1-PARK11, and range from autosomal dominant, and autosomal recessive
ranging from causes. Regardless of the cause, activities such as walking and
tasks that require a steady hand become difficult the more severe the disease
is, or as the person ages. While the disorder makes daily tasks difficult for
those who suffer from it, the disease is not fatal. While Parkinson’s has no
cure, there are many different options to suppress the symptoms. These options
include certain medication, therapy, and surgery.
This specific genetic disorder comes hand and hand with many
different symptoms. The symptoms can be easily remembered using the acronym
“TRAP”, which explains the most common features of this disorder. The
following quote further explains what “TRAP” means in detail:
“There are four cardinal features of PD that can be grouped under the
acronym TRAP: Tremor at rest, Rigidity, Akinesia (or bradykinesia) and Postural
instability. In addition, flexed posture and freezing (motor blocks) have been
included among classic features of parkinsonism, with PD as the most common
form” (Jankovic 368). The most common symptom experienced by a patient
with Parkinson’s disease is tremors, which is random spasms in different limbs.
Other symptoms may include stiff muscles, aching muscles, slow moment, unsteady
facial muscles, weakened throat muscles, difficulty in walking, and keeping
balance. These symptoms occur due to the
lack of dopamine in the brain. The regions in the brain that are affected are
the cerebral cortex and the basial ganglia.
In conclusion, this disorder causes lots of issues for
patients as they age, and for some younger patients. There are certain remedies
to help these people maintain a normal lifestyle, but unfortunately, there is
no ultimate cure.