Training status of fish farmers in fish culture
fish claim is 2.45 million MT and per capita fish necessity is 18.00 kg per
year for the people of Bangladesh. But the up-to-date consumption is 16.69 kg
this has got a negative impression on the health condition of our people
(Kausar, 2009). Bangladesh had to overwhelm these complications very urgently.
Various government and non-government organizations are trying to enhance fish
production through training program. Training is one of the necessary tools to
improve fish culture. The survey shows that 35 percent farmers are trained
while 65 percent are not trained.
4.1.8 Pond Ownership
Socio- economic appearances of the fish pond owners usually influence the
extent of utilization of their ponds and the availability of the pond owners.
So, a brief explanation of those features and their influence on pond fish
production is vital. In the present study 83.75% ponds were personal ownership and
16.25% ponds were under lease.
4.1.9 Annual income of farmers from fish
The socio-economic rank of a fish farmer is
measured by income level.Khan et al.
(1998) stated that levels of family income are important economic factor
affecting utilization of pond fish farming. In the study, it was found that 40%
of the farmers were included in annual profits level of Tk. 50000 or below which
is the highest frequency.There are 26.25% farmers have income level is between 50000-100000;about 23.75% farmers have income
between 100000-200000 and only 10% farmers have income above 300000 taka.
farming practices used by farmers
A figure of aquaculture
practices are used in Bangladesh. Data
in the table 6 showed that 15% of the fish farmers practices monoculture while
73.75 % of the farmers practice polyculture.Generally most of the
monoculture referrer farmers use monosex tilapia under monoculture practice. Polyculture
in ponds is the leading production system for most part of the country. In the survey studied are found that 11.25%
of fish farmers practice integrates fish farming that is combination of fish
production with crops like as rice-fish culture
of information for fish farmers
of information that they were provided
is presented in Table 4.8. The aquaculture information for
culture practice,23.75% of respondents got their information from extension
agent. Majority(57.50 %) of
respondents got their information from friends/ farmers.11.25 % of respondents
got their information from mass media. From literature5% of respondents got their
information and 2.5% got internet.
The source and extent of water
accessible are the most main factors to consider when choosing a location for
an aquaculture facility. Many unwanted chemical and ecological factors
associated with certain fish farms can be traced to require of surroundings
information on the resource of water used. There are six categories of water
sources for fish culture. These are rivers, wells, surface runoff, ground water
and municipal water. In the surveyed area most of the fish farmer depends on
rain water. There was no stream. In the dry season farmer uses ground water for
run to the course of fish culture. Availability of water
is very important for fish culture activities. Based on the availability of the
water, the ponds were grouped into two categories; a) availability of the water
throughout the year and b) seasonal ponds. The study revealed that79% of the
ponds contained water throughout the year and only 21% pond possess water for a
period of 6 to 8 month of the year (Fig. 4.4).